Case Study Area
The Sousa Valley, our case study area, is located in Northwest Portugal. It is currently dominated by eucalypt (Eucalyptus globulus Labill) pure stands and mixed stands of eucalypt and maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.). Associação Florestal de Vale do Sousa (AFVS) is responsible for the development of the ZIF joint management plan for over 300 forest owners. Stakeholders aim at promoting active forest management and at targeting the supply of a wide range of ecosystem services.